Chizhou is a city with rich history and profound cultural deposits. Chizhou has enjoyed the fame of “home of poets for a millennium” and is listed among Anhui Provincial Historic and Cultural Famous Cities. Chizhou has a history of nearly 1,400 years, dating back to 621 when the city was first established in the fourth year of Wude (a reign title) in the Tang Dynasty (i.e. AD 621). Throughout history, praises were heaped on Chizhou by poets and refined scholars. Xiao Tong, the crown prince of the Liang Dynasty, compiled the Zhao Ming Anthology of Literature in Chizhou City, which is the earliest poetry selection ever existed in the history of Chinese literature. Li Bai, the most accomplished poet of the Tang Dynasty, has paid 9 visits to Mt. Jiuhua and 5 trips to Qiupu River, wrote the famous poem Qiupu Song and other 16 poems to describe the splendid landscape of Chizhou City. The great poet Du Mu of the late Tang Dynasty, who was the chief director of Chizhou City at that time, wrote the famous poem Ching Ming, describing the scene of traditional Chinese Qingming Festival (also called Ching Ming) in Xinghua Village of Chizhou City. The local scholar Lang Sui of the Qing Dynasty compiled the Historical Record of Xinghua Village which was the only village chronicle collected by the Imperial Collection of Four. Thanks to those literary works, Xinghua Village in Chizhou City enjoys an immortal and world-wide fame. Through years, literary figures such as Tao Yuanming（the greatest poet during the centuries between the Han and Tang dynasties and the foremost of the "recluse" poets）, Du Mu (a leading Chinese poet of the late Tang Dynasty and regarded as a major poet during a golden age of Chinese poetry), Bao Zheng (a government officer during the reign of Emperor Renzong in ancient China"s Song Dynasty and nicknamed "Clear Sky Bao" who today is respected as the cultural symbol of justice in Greater China) and Yue Fei (a military general during the era of the Southern Song Dynasty and widely seen as a patriot and national hero in China) , had all travelled or lived here and they had written more than one thousand immortal well-known poems concerning Chizhou. In addition, Chizhou Nuo Opera, known as the “living fossil” of Chinese Drama, Qingyang Opera, regarded as the origination of Beijing Opera, and the Festival Lantern Show of Dongzhi are listed as National Intangible Cultural Heritages. Furthermore, the local culture of Buddhism, poem, drama and tea is of long standing and enjoy great fame in the world.